Thinking Anglicans

Lords Spiritual (Women) Bill published

Updated again Saturday

The following ministerial statement has been issued by a government minister, Mr Sam Gyimah:

Publication of Lords Spiritual (Women) Bill
Today the Government is introducing the Lords Spiritual (Women) Bill to the House of Commons, with explanatory notes.

The Bill follows the legislation permitting women to be ordained bishops. That was completed by the General Synod of the Church of England on 17 November. With the way clear for the first women to be appointed, it is right that those women should be amongst the Bishops who occupy seats in the House of Lords (known as Lords Spiritual). This Bill is intended to allow that to happen sooner than it would under the existing rules.

Currently, the Archbishops of Canterbury and York and the Bishops of Durham, London and Winchester automatically take seats in the House of Lords. The remaining 21 seats are occupied by Bishops in order of seniority (length of service). Under the current system, it would be many years before women bishops were represented in the Lords.

The Government’s Bill, which is supported by the Church of England, proposes a modification of this rule for the next ten years, so that if a female bishop is available when a Lords Spiritual seat becomes vacant, they will automatically be appointed to the House of Lords. If no female bishop is available, the vacancy would be filled by the next most senior male bishop, as currently happens…

The text of the bill is now published here. The explanatory notes are over here.

Update The following press release has been issued from Church House, Westminster:

Church of England welcomes publication of Lords Spiritual (Women) Bill

The Church of England has welcomed a Bill published today by the Government aimed at speeding up the introduction of the first women diocesan bishops into the House of Lords.

Bishop Tim Stevens, Bishop of Leicester and convenor of the bishops in the House of Lords, welcoming the Bill, said the presence of women diocesan bishops would “enrich and strengthen” the voice of the bishops in the House of Lords.

He said: “We know that women bishops will enrich and strengthen the leadership of the Church of England and we are very confident that they will also enrich and strengthen our voice in the House of Lords.

“We have reason to suppose that this is supported from all sides of both Houses and we are grateful to the business managers for making time to get this minor amendment to the law in place as soon as possible.”

The Rt Hon Sir Tony Baldry MP, Second Church Estates Commissioner, said: “There was very widespread support across Parliament for the consecration of women bishops in the Church of England and I think there will be a widespread welcome to legislation that will enable women who are diocesan bishops to become Lords Spiritual at the earliest possible opportunity.”

Under current rules, the Archbishops of Canterbury and York and the Bishops of London, Durham and Winchester are entitled to sit in the House of Lords from the start of their appointments.

The Lords Spiritual (Women) Bill makes provision for vacancies among the remaining 21 places, which are normally filled according to length of service, to be filled as they arise by eligible female diocesan bishops. The provision would remain in place for 10 years, equivalent to two fixed term Parliaments.

The proposed legislation would not prevent male bishops from entering the House of Lords during this period as vacancies would be filled, as is currently the case, by the longest serving male diocesan bishop if there is no eligible female diocesan bishop in line at that time.

After the end of the 10-year period, the provision made by the Bill would come to an end and the current arrangements under the Bishoprics Act 1878 for determining which bishops are to fill vacancies in the House of Lords would be restored.


There is a detailed discussion of this legislation at Law & Religion UK Lords Spiritual (Women) Bill – analysis.

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9 years ago

The least creative solution, as ever. And worryingly vague (bishop vs diocesan bishop.) I assume the legislation itself is more precise.

9 years ago

It’s all happening.

A very welcome step.

9 years ago

Wouldn’t female bishops be Ladies Spiritual?

9 years ago

Considering there are many secularists that hate the idea of any bishops in the Lords, I think opening this to voting in the Houses is a monumentally bad idea. But when did that ever stop anyone?

Martin Reynolds
Martin Reynolds
9 years ago

There are many devoted Anglicans here in the UK who find bishops of any and all genders, seated in the Lords by virtue of their office a monumentally bad idea ……

Tim Chesterton
9 years ago

Martin Reynolds – hear hear!!!

9 years ago

Like Fr Tim, I am a Canadian who finds establishment and the appointment of bishops to Parliament an anachronism (even though the founder of my college was a champion of the privilege – or its colonial equivalent of appointment to the Legislative Council). But if the “mother church” is to remain committed to this system, this development is a consistent and welcome one.

Would love your thoughts, please comment.x